The Mathematics curriculum introduces the concept of math through the use of concrete Montessori materials such as numerical rods, printed numerals, spindles and beads. Through these hands of material This allows the child to physically manipulate these concepts. activities to refine the child’s senses so that he/she can differentiate even the slightest differences in order to truly observe and appreciate the world around him.
Language arts is an integral part of the Montessori curriculum. Experiences in vocabulary enrichment, classification, self-expression and listening skills provide the child with a rich language atmosphere. Every lesson in language arts is presented in order from left to right, giving the child an early concept of reading and writing. Through a hands-on phonetic approach reading and writing skills develop naturally and spontaneously. Children learn the sounds of the alphabet and how letters and their sounds are combined to form words, sentences, and stories, thereby developing early reading and writing skills. At the Kindergarten level, students work in small groups, concentrating on more advanced language skills.
The Sensorial curriculum provides activities to refine the senses so that the child can differentiate even the slightest differences in order to truly observe and appreciate the world around him. The senses are the child’s window to the world. Doing these activities children build their sense of order and discrimination with multi-dimensional materials that allow them to make distinctions between shapes, sounds, textures, and volume. Through this process, children begin to make judgments about likenesses and differences and develop a preliminary awareness of mathematical concepts such as geometry and measurement.
The practical life activities provides real life experiences for children. The exercises in practical life provides purposeful activities that develop motor control and coordination, develop independence, concentration and a sense of responsibility. Both large and small muscle coordination and development are involved helping a child to have control over his movements. Practical skills such as pouring, folding, cutting and beading help the child practice hand eye coordination, gross and fine motor skills and daily functions.
Montessori education is a method of teaching young children developed by Dr. Maria Montessori that uses a child surrounding environment to simulate a learning desire. The Montessori classroom uses concrete materials that are self-correcting and allow children to learn at their own pace. These materials help the child to see, touch, feel and freely explore their environments without the teacher’s intervention. The Montessori teacher provides individual instruction within set guidelines. The children learn self-respect, respect for others and respect for their environment. Montessori methods and materials promote inner discipline and self-motivation.